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How does infection occur and how to recognize a child's infectious erythema?
Infectious erythema - a disease that mainly appears in spring
Most cases of infectious erythema are recorded in spring. Outbreaks usually occur locally in the community every few years. Infectious erythema most commonly affects children between 5 and 7 years old.
How can you get infected?
The virus is spreading by droplet - when sneezing, but also when using the same dishes. Some sources indicate that you can get infected very quickly by simply catching objects that show a high rate of secondary infections.
Erythema is contagious some danger in pregnancy. It can lead to the birth of a child with anemia, in dramatic cases also a dead fetus (this risk is estimated at 2-6% if erythema infection occurred in the first months of pregnancy). Usually, however, future mothers are resistant, thanks to the fact that they have had the disease earlier, usually in childhood.
Erythema contagious symptoms
Erythema infection is not always associated with the onset of symptoms. Sometimes sick is asymptomatic. The period of intubation of infectious erythema is from 4 to 14 days.
The course of the disease is usually mild, unless the child suffers from sickle cell anemia or other congenital disorders. Toddlers with innate reduced immunity can develop severe forms of anemia.
Most often, the first symptoms resemble flu-like infections. The child has a low fever, is appetizing, cranky, does not want to play, refuses to eat, feels tired, complains of a headache, may have a stuffy and runny nose.
A few days later, a bright red rash appears, which covers the characteristic area on the cheeks, is symmetrical, which is why its shape is often compared to the wings of a butterfly. Infectious erythema then "goes down" also on the arms and legs and torso, where the changes are most visible - the most intense. The least spots are observed on the soles of the feet and the inside of the hands. Over time, the spots brighten and begin to resemble a network of lace, create characteristic patterns on the skin.
Other symptoms that may accompany infectious erythema include: sore throat, red eyes, swollen lymph nodes, diarrhea.
Infectious erythema - what does the rash look like?
The rash that appears with infectious erythema is very characteristic. With it, you can easily identify the disease. It has a lumpy, mouth-like character, creates characteristic reticular patterns on the skin, and also has the form of patches. Skin changes are most prominent in exposed areas of the skin.
Rash disappears after 5-10 days - a lot depends on individual characteristics. Places where there were pimples may still be visible, even after disappearing, during exercise, during exercise, when the temperature rises and the child is warm.
In children a few days / weeks after illness can be observed "gloves" and "socks" syndrome, that is, changes in the form of petechia, a plan on the feet and hands, which disappear irretrievably over time. Don't worry about them.
Treatment of infectious erythema
Contagious erythema a disease caused by viruses, therefore symptomatic treatment is used during its course. Antibiotics are not given to remove bacteria and do not work against viruses. In immunocompromised children, it can be given antiviral medicine in most cases, however, this is not necessary or even desirable.
The child usually has an elevated body temperature, to a level at which it is not advisable to give the drug (up to 38 degrees). Children with infectious erythema usually feel well. Mild methods that help reduce discomfort similar to those used for colds can help.
If you want to be sure that your child has erythema infectious, see a doctor. However, the symptoms are so characteristic that usually erythema can be recognized by the parent.