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Polycystic ovary syndrome - what is it about?
The main causes of disorders caused by PCOS are hormonal problems. In the body of women affected by this disease, larger quantities are produced testosterone and insulin, whose elevated levels affect the ovaries' natural functions.
In women affected by PCOS the menstrual cycle is very irregular, and menstruation itself often doesn't appear at all. As a consequence, many of them also do not ovulate, which in practice prevents conceiving a child.
Polycystic ovary syndrome is diagnosed by a doctor based on hormonal and ultrasound examinations of the ovaries. During it, the doctor can observe numerous follicles inside the ovaries, which, however, do not mature properly, which prevents the occurrence of monthly ovulation.
Women who since most often report to a doctor for a long time fruitlessly trying with their partner for a childHowever, they cannot become pregnant. They usually think that their problems may be due to just that irregular periods. And this is indeed the case, because the irregular period is just one of the symptoms indicating polycystic ovary syndrome. Additional PCOS symptoms are:
- excessive facial and body hair (including the presence of the so-called mustache);
- acne persisting after puberty;
- excessive greasy hair and facial skin;
- irregular periods or their complete absence;
- weight gain for no apparent reason.
All these symptoms indicate a hormonal disorder in the woman's body and require additional testing to confirm or exclude polycystic ovary syndrome.
Polycystic ovary syndrome and pregnancy
Women affected by PCOS should be aware, however, that such a diagnosis does not prevent their chances of becoming mothers. Getting pregnant with polycystic ovary syndrome is possible and successful for many women. However, it may require hormonal treatment and additional stimulation of ovulation with specialized drugs.
Therefore, if we have been trying unsuccessfully for a long time and additionally observe symptoms that may be evidence of PCOS, do not hesitate, see a doctor as soon as possible. He will recommend additional tests to help you make the right diagnosis and get the right treatment as soon as possible.
It's also worth knowing that getting pregnant with PCOS is also much easier with younger women (before 30 years of age), therefore, it is worth, if possible, to start treatment early enough to be able to enjoy the charms of motherhood.
PCOS and the risk of miscarriage
Women who, despite having polycystic ovary syndrome, have managed to get pregnant, are also afraid increased risk of miscarriage. Polycystic ovary syndrome in itself, however, is not the cause of more miscarriages. Every pregnancy carries a certain risk of its termination ahead of schedule.
Only women who have been diagnosed are more likely to have miscarriage with PCOS progesterone deficiency. Also a woman who conceives a child as a result of "artificial" stimulation of ovulation, is more likely to have problems with such pregnancy. In these two cases it is therefore necessary constant monitoring of progesterone levels and its additional administration during the first trimester of pregnancy.
Women who manage to get pregnant despite PCOS are also more prone to excessive weight gain, hypertension and gestational diabetes. Therefore, during pregnancy, they should especially follow a diet and regularly perform tests prescribed by a doctor.