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What diseases does the tick transmit to children?

What diseases does the tick transmit to children?


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Ticks they are insects that can adhere to the skin. The skill with which you extract this insect is very important to prevent the animal's head from being embedded in the skin.

But also, once you manage to get rid of a tick, you must observe the child, since these insects are transmitters of some diseases.

The clinical importance of ticks is due to their role as a transmission vector for certain specific diseases, such as:

- Button fever: Infectious disease whose symptoms are chills, high fever, joint and muscle pain, and photophobia.

- Lyme's desease: produces fever and chills, headache, malaise, muscle aches, and stiff neck.

- Babesiosis: symptoms are high fever, headache, nausea, and vomiting.

- Ehrlichiosis: produces fever, chills, muscle aches, vomiting, and diarrhea.

- TIBOLA (abbreviations in English of tick-borne lymphadenopathy): it presents / displays fever and necrotic eschar in the zone of the bite. Usually on the scalp.

- Toxic neuropathies (Guillain-Barré type paralysis).

However, for this to occur, the tick must be previously infected, it must have remained with us for a while and it is more likely if the extraction has been inappropriate. In such a way, the normal thing is that ticks do not transmit any disease. For this reason, at present, after a tick bite, only clinical observation is recommended, but not the administration of antibiotics.

During the three months after the bite, You should go to the pediatrician in case of any of the following signs and symptoms:

- Prolonged febrile syndrome with no apparent cause.

- Recurring headaches, muscle or joint.

- Presence of skin alterations, especially in the area of ​​the bite, paying particular attention to two types of lesions: a circular spot with a reddish border that spreads in a circular way over days-weeks, leaving a clear area inside except in the center, which it is also red. This lesion is known as chronic migratory erythema and is typical of Lyme disease.

- A black spot, scab type, with a reddish halo, which is typical of Mediterranean button fever.

- Swollen glands, especially near the area of ​​the bite.

In the event that these types of bites are frequent at home, you should contact an expert to permanently eliminate them from your home, because although the transmission of diseases is rare, it is not advisable to play too many tickets, which in the end always play, or so they say at fairs ...

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Video: How to Check Your Children for Ticks (May 2022).